Indonesia’s national philosophy: Assessment of the validity of the Pancasila Scale in an individualistic culture using religion and forgiveness as predictors
C. Bee, A. L., Williams, C. Suwartono, J. Suhendra, & K.V. Cook (Southeast Asia Bible Seminary)
Thank you for sharing your research and presenting at NEPA!
Thank you so much!
Your data are fascinating but not as good as they can be! I suggest that your next project be to run this survey in the US, with a sample of people who score high on individualism, so we can see if the scale is validate-able (haha) in a second sample. Also, why not run it in an Indonesian and American sample simultaneously? I think your data would be so much stronger!
Excellent point; American culture is diverse enough that it could be advantageous to survey a sample on individualism. That way, we could gain a deeper understanding of how the Pancasila scale functions in highly individualistic participants. Thank you for the suggestion!
Beautiful poster! And great work. I have enjoyed working with the two of you–and it isn’t over yet. Both projects (above) are in process! Thanks for your help!
I have a quick question – when you ran your analyses, did you find any difference between the American and Indonesian groups?
On Pancasila? Yes. Indonesians scored higher in almost every category: Spirituality, Humanism, National, Democracy. There was no difference in Social Justice. That’s my memory. I don’t know why Indonesians scored higher: Maybe they wanted to please the interviewer? Maybe they are less critical and more willing to embrace ideas strongly. BTW, Indonesia is taken as a model in the Pacific Rim for their approach to Democracy, which has some challenges but also greater strengths in some ways than ours. Thanks for asking.